Sri Durgambhika, the presiding deity of the Dhenupureeswara temple at Patteeeswaram is famous for ‘marriage boon’ and those, waiting for marriage visit this temple in thousands praying for early marriage. The temple is situated at 8 km distance to the south-west of Kumbakonam of Thanjavur district and at 2 km distance from the Darasuram railway station. The place got the name Patteeswaram because it was here Patti, the calf of the divine cow Kamadhenu worshipped the Lord.
The east-facing temple is situated in the midst of dense groves where water resources are abundant. The temple has five tall towers, three ‘praharas’ and an outer street. At the central ‘mandap’ at the first ‘prahara’ has been installed the presiding deity Patteeswar. Sri Vinayaka and Somaskanda have been installed at the southern part of the outer ‘prahara’. At the northern part we can see the images of Thirugnanasambhanda and ‘Aadi poora’ Amman. The images of Dakshinamoorthy, Lingothpava, Brahma and Durgambhika have been installed as ‘Goshtamoorthis’. We can see the ‘sannidhis’ of ‘Sapthakannigas’, Swarna Vinayaka, Mahalinga, Subrahmanya, Shanmuga, Ramalinga, Gajalakshmi and Kasi Viswanatha while circumambulating the ‘prahara’. ‘Arupatthumoovar ‘mandap’ is situated at the north-west corner of the ‘prahara’.
Gnanambhikai Amman temple is situated at the northern part. Its inner ‘mandap’ is rich in artistic beauty belonging to the ‘Nayakkar’ period. The spacious ‘angapradakshina mandap’ circling the Durga ‘sannidhi’ near the northern gate abounds in intricate artistic work. It is said that the statues of ‘Mathavarana’ Pillaiyar, Shanmuga, Bhairava and Durga had been brought from the Chola palace.
The Goddess has been portrayed with eight hands. The deity is also called Vishnu Durga and Durgalakshmi. She is being glorified as Navasakthi Nayaki, Navarathna Nayaki, Navayoga Nayaki Navagraha Nayaki and Navarathri Nayaki. Chola kings including Rajaraja had been ardent devotees and had worshipped the deity. She had been the ‘Kaaval deivam’ at the Chola palace, situated at the northern part of Patteeswaram for more than a century. At the other gates of the palace had been installed the statues of Vinayaka, Muruga and Bhairava. The Chola kings made it a point to get the ‘arul vaakku’ of Sri Durgambhika before taking important decisions and before embarking on campaigns. After the end of the Chola rule, when the palace remained in a dilapidated condition the statues of all these Gods were removed from the palace and installed at separate ‘sannidhis’ at the northern gate of the temple.
Unlike in other shrines, Sri Durgambhika has been portrayed in a serene form. She has been portrayed standing on the head of the ‘Mahishan’ with eight hands, three eyes and with big ear-rings on Her ears along with Her Simha vahana. Normally the mount will be facing the right side for Kali and Durga but the mount is facing the left side at this temple. Her hands are holding conch, ‘chakra’, bow, arrow, sword, shield and parrot.
Wedding prayer ‘sthala’
It is considered very auspicious to worship the deity during ‘Rahu kala’, especially on Tuesday, Friday and Sunday and on the days of New Moon and Full Moon and ‘Ashtami’, ‘Navami’ days. By worshipping Durgambhika, the ‘adhipathi’ of Rahu, ‘Rahu dosha’ is neutralized, it is believed. Let us all pray to Sri Durgambhika that those registered with Kalyanamalai and those waiting for marriage get married soon to suitable ‘varans’.
For the attention of devotees:
‘Arulmigu’ Durgambhika temple (Dhenupureeswara temple), Patteeswaram – 612 703, Kumbakonam Circle
Route – 8 km distance to the south-west of Kumbakonam. Buses ply from Kumbakonam and Thanjavur.
The temple is open from 6 a.m. to 12 noon; from 5 p.m. to 9 p.m.
Six worship services are being offered daily. ‘Pradosha’ puja is considered very special. Rs. 150 is charged for ‘archana’ on the day of birth star every month to Durgambhika and Rs. 1,000 is charged for ‘Nithyaradhana’.